This articles is published 257 days ago and last updated 211 days ago, some information may be out of date.

Alpine Linux Package Management Tool .png

The package management tool used in Alpine Linux is apk. apk is a fast, lightweight, and efficient package management tool that has the following features:
  • Native support for cross-compilation and cross-platform installation.
  • Automatic handling of dependencies when installing and uninstalling packages.
  • Support for multiple repositories, including official repositories, community repositories, and personal repositories.
  • Simple command-line interface that allows users to perform various operations such as search, install, upgrade, and uninstall.
  • Support for virtual packages that enables users to install a set of related packages by installing a single virtual package.

How to Use

Here are some basic commands for using the apk package manager in Alpine Linux:

-Update the package index:

apk update

-Search for a package:

apk search <package_name>

-Install a package:

apk add <package_name>

-Remove a package:

apk del <package_name>

-View information about a package:

apk info <package_name>

-List all installed packages:

apk info -vv | less

-Upgrade all installed packages:

apk upgrade

-Upgrade a specific package:

apk upgrade <package_name>

-List the contents of a package:

apk info -L <package_name>

-Show the dependencies of a package:

apk info -R <package_name>

Enable community repositories

Edit the file /etc/apk/repositories and uncomment a line that points to the "community" directory.



Using Examples

To install neovim in Alpine Linux using the apk

apk add neovim
(1/11) Installing libintl (0.21.1-r1)
(2/11) Installing libgcc (12.2.1_git20220924-r4)
(3/11) Installing luajit (2.1_p20210510-r3)
(4/11) Installing libuv (1.44.2-r0)
(5/11) Installing libluv (
(6/11) Installing msgpack-c (4.0.0-r0)
(7/11) Installing unibilium (2.1.1-r0)
(8/11) Installing libtermkey (0.22-r0)
(9/11) Installing tree-sitter (0.20.7-r0)
(10/11) Installing libvterm (0.3-r0)
(11/11) Installing neovim (0.8.1-r0)
Executing busybox-1.35.0-r29.trigger
OK: 138 MiB in 71 packages

To install multiple applications with apk in Alpine Linux

apk add bash bash-doc bash-completion
(1/7) Installing readline (8.2.0-r0)
(2/7) Installing bash (5.2.15-r0)
Executing bash-5.2.15-r0.post-install
(3/7) Installing pkgconf (1.9.4-r0)
(4/7) Installing bash-completion (2.11-r4)
(5/7) Installing openrc-bash-completion (0.45.2-r7)
(6/7) Installing bash-doc (5.2.15-r0)
(7/7) Installing kmod-bash-completion (30-r1)
Executing busybox-1.35.0-r29.trigger
OK: 145 MiB in 78 packages

The "apk search" command in Alpine Linux

apk search docker
This will display a list of packages related to Docker.

To uninstall or remove an application in Alpine Linux using apk

List all installed packages and find out the application as you want to remove.

apk list | grep 'neovim'

Use the "apk del" command followed by the name of the package to remove it

apk del neovim
(1/11) Purging neovim (0.8.1-r0)
(2/11) Purging libintl (0.21.1-r1)
(3/11) Purging luajit (2.1_p20210510-r3)
(4/11) Purging libgcc (12.2.1_git20220924-r4)
(5/11) Purging libluv (
(6/11) Purging libuv (1.44.2-r0)
(7/11) Purging msgpack-c (4.0.0-r0)
(8/11) Purging libtermkey (0.22-r0)
(9/11) Purging unibilium (2.1.1-r0)
(10/11) Purging tree-sitter (0.20.7-r0)
(11/11) Purging libvterm (0.3-r0)
Executing busybox-1.35.0-r29.trigger
OK: 123 MiB in 67 packages

apk is a fast, lightweight, and efficient package management tool that makes it easy for users to manage and maintain software packages in Alpine Linux.